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微生物组的许多影响

From the immune system to the GI tract, this population of trillions of microbe impacts the entire body.

What is the microbiome?

微生物组是数万亿微生物(包括细菌,病毒和其他微生物)的人群,它们生活在人体与人类细胞旁边的人体内。它不仅有一个目的;取而代之的是,微生物组的多样性通过影响而影响所有身体系统:

  • Gene expression
  • Immunity
  • 营养吸收
  • 能量代谢
  • Integrity of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract

The microbiome begins populating with those microbes during fetal development and continues changing through every stage of life. The composition of the microbiome and its influences on GI/overall health depends on the interactions between microorganisms and the host. Various species and strains of bacteria within the microbiome develop different relationships with the cells of the human body. They do different things and have separate purposes, yet they maintain an interactive relationship and share two goals: survive and thrive.

The relationship between the microbiome and gut health

肠道健康在很大程度上取决于肠道微生物组中微生物的组成。在微生物组中发现的不同细菌物种与人体中的各种健康作用有关 - 好与坏。

Microbial activity in the gut can increase the bioavailability of phytochemicals, which are plant metabolites associated with health benefits in the human body. A high diversity in the gut microbiome leads to positive health benefits, while low diversity can lead to negative or poor health benefits. Additionally, balance in the gut’s inflammatory responses may mirror balance of the microbiome.

作为肠道微生物组的一部分,细菌产生短链脂肪酸(SCFA),如丁酸酯,是胃肠道细胞的能源。肠道细菌还通过与胆汁酸相互作用来积极影响健康。胆汁酸是胆汁的重要组成部分,它们在饮食中食物消耗的营养物质的消化和吸收中发挥作用。多样化的肠道微生物组可以以这种方式支持更多有效的消化和养分的吸收。

Components of a healthy human microbiome

婴儿喂养米ethods and different birthing processes can influence the composition of the microbiome early in life. Diet, stress, antibiotic use, and other lifestyle factors affect the diversity of the microbiome throughout life. Diet is especially important, and dietary components like fiber can act as prebiotics to “feed” good bacteria in the gut microbiome.

A healthy microbiome looks different for everyone, but the main characteristics of a healthy microbiome are:

  • Balance of different types of microorganisms
  • 适量的微生物的平衡
  • Minimal harmful strains of bacteria

How to improve your microbiome

改善多样性

通过促进微生物组的健康多样性来改善肠道健康可以使整个身体的健康振兴。通过食用各种全食,并补充营养补充剂,以创建和维持微生物组的健康多样性,以填充差距。此外,植物的代谢产物通过支持免疫系统,促进健康细菌的生长并支持短链脂肪酸的产生,从而积极地影响肠道健康。

In addition to maintaining a healthy diet, engaging other aspects of a healthy lifestyle can support a diverse, healthy microbiome. Components of a healthy lifestyle include maintaining healthy sleep habits, managing stress, and being physically active.

You can also promote the growth of good bacteria in the microbiome by introducing extra beneficial bacteria to your gut microbiome in the form of supplements, including probiotics and other whole food supplements for microbiome support.